Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an American social reformer, who, along with Susan B. Anthony, led the struggle for woman suffrage.
Elizabeth Cady was born on November 12, 1815, in Johnstown, New York, and educated at home and at the Troy Female Seminary. She became interested early in the temperance and antislavery movements, and through the latter she met Henry Brewster Stanton, a journalist and antislavery orator. They were married in 1840 and eventually had seven children.
In 1848 Stanton and Lucretia C. Mott, whom she had met in 1840, organized the first women's rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York. For this convention Stanton drafted a Declaration of Sentiments, declaring that "men and women are created equal," and proposed a resolution that was carried, demanding -- for the first time in public -- voting rights for women. Her meeting in 1851 with Susan B. Anthony was the beginning of a 50-year collaboration for feminist causes in which Stanton provided the ideas and Anthony the organizational talent; she often wrote speeches that Anthony delivered.
From 1868 to 1870 the two published the weekly Revolution in New York City, and in 1869 they founded the National Woman Suffrage Association (after 1890, called the National American Woman Suffrage Association), of which Stanton was president until 1892. An indefatigable writer all her life, she was also active on the international level and in 1888 helped prepare the founding of the International Council of Women.
She was coauthor, with Anthony and Matilda Joslyn Gage, of the first three volumes of A History of Woman Suffrage.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in New York City on October 26, 1902.