A city in northeastern New Jersey, seat of Union County, a deepwater port on Newark Bay and Arthur Kill. It is connected by bridge with Staten Island, New York. The city is highly industrial, an important rail and shipping center with extensive facilities for handling containerized cargo. The many local manufactures include copper and petroleum products, sewing machines, chemicals, furniture, electrical equipment, and foodstuffs. Founded on land purchased from Native Americans of the Lenni Lenape tribe, the community is the oldest English settlement in the state.
It was originally named Elizabethtown for the wife of Sir George Carteret, a 17th-century proprietor of New Jersey; the name later was shortened. It served as capital of New Jersey until 1686.
Several American Revolution (1776-1783) battles were fought here. The city's fine port and proximity to New York City spurred early industrial growth. After the arrival of the railroad in 1831 it became a coal and iron shipping point and an oil-refining, shipbuilding, and steelworking hub. The city has many historic structures. Famous past residents include Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, General Winfield Scott, and Admiral William Halsey.
The 1990 Population of Elizabeth, New Jersey was 110,002.